Study Group for Viral Hepatitis of the Turkish Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases set up a task force to develop a consensus report focused on chronic hepatitis B in pregnancy, a complex issue for both the mother with an advanced liver disease and the unborn child who is under the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission. Relevant literature and international guidelines were reviewed, and recommendations agreed are presented in the report. An algorithm adapted from actual publications is also proposed for management of chronic hepatitis B in the pregnant patient. Since many women of childbearing age are in the immune tolerant phase of infection, there is generally no need for therapy and no indication to start therapy during the early stages of pregnancy. Initiation of antiviral therapy in the beginning of the third trimester in highly viremic (HBV DNA >200 000 IU/mL) pregnant women can prevent mother-to-child-transmission of HBV despite postnatal passive and active immunoprophylaxis provided. Given its potency and its high genetic barrier to resistance, tenofovir might be an appropriate option for mothers who might need to continue their treatment for active hepatitis B after delivery.