ISSN 1301-143X | E-ISSN 1309-1484
Original Article
Investigation of Isepamicin, Chloramphenicol and Minocycline Sensitivity in Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
1 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Gümüşhane, Türkiye  
2 Yeditepe Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye  
3 İstanbul Üniversitesi, Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye  
4 İstanbul Kemerburgaz Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Biyoloji Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye  
Klimik Dergisi 2018; 31: 50-55
DOI: 10.5152/kd.2018.13
Key Words: Carbapenem resistance, Enterobacteriaceae, rectal swab, isepamicin, chloramphenicol.


Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine the resistance mechanisms of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and evaluate the prospective alternative treatment options.


Methods: Between October 2014 and July 2015, rectal swabs routinely obtained from hospitalized patients were included in the study. The isolated Gram-negative enteric bacteria were identified to the species level by using standard conventional microbiological methods. Determined carbapenem resistance in enteric bacteria was confirmed by using meropenem Etest® (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France), and the resistance mechanisms were investigated with MAST-ID™ Discs (Mast Diagnostics Ltd, Bootle, Merseyside, UK). Antibiotic susceptibilities of the CRE were determined by disk diffusion method using isepamicin, chloramphenicol, and minocycline disks (Oxoid, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK).


Results: Of the 3,323 rectal swabs sent to the laboratory during the study period, totally 84 (2.5%) CRE were isolated with one strain from each patient. Of the 84 CRE, 74 (88%) were Klebsiella pneumoniae and 10 (12%) were Escherichia coli. Among the 84 CRE, 66 (78.5%) with OXA-48, 11 (13.1%) with OXA-48 + metallo-β-lactamase (MBL), 1 (1.2%) with only MBL and 1 (1.2%) with AmpC + porin loss were detected, none of the strains were positive for KPC. In 5 (6%) strains, none of the resistance mechanisms were found. Of the 84 CRE, 80 (95.2%), 77 (91.6%) and 14 (16.6%) were found to be susceptible to isepamicin, chloramphenicol and minocycline, respectively.


Conclusions: The OXA-48 type, endemic in Turkey, was also the most commonly detected carbapenemase in the study. It has been observed that isepamicin and chloramphenicol can be the potential antibiotics in the treatment of KDE-related infections.


Cite this article as: Karakullukçu A, Borsa BA, Kuşkucu  MA, et al. [Investigation of isepamicin, chloramphenicol and minocycline sensitivity in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae]. Klimik Derg. 2018; 31(1): 50-5. Turkish.

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